The Birthright Promises:
      Abraham  to  Ephraim 
   This is a quick overview of the birthright promises given to 
             God’s people as recorded in Genesis.

This paper is a simple outline of the birthrights that were passed 
down. For a better understanding of the story you’ll have to read 
                    Genesis chapters 12-49.

Part 1: Abraham to Isaac
 Starting in chapter 12 of Genesis, Abraham is chosen by God 
 to be the father of many nations and whom the world would be 
                       blessed through. 
       (Genesis 12:1-3; 13:16; 15:3-5, 17:1-7; 22:17) 

The promises given to Abraham by God are: 
 Sarah, Abraham's wife, was also promised blessings 
 and so were her children (Genesis 17:15-16): 


 Abraham had two sons, Ishmael and Isaac. 

 Ishmael was Abraham's firstborn from Hagar, Sarah’s maidservant. 
 Isaac is his second born from Sarah. (21:1-3) 
 Isaac receives the birthright promises, Ishmael does not. 
 Ishmael receives his own promises from God, but not those 
 promised to Abraham and Sarah (16:10-12).  

   Ishmael will : 


 God confirms these blessings to Isaac after 
 Abraham dies (26:3-5): 
Part 2: Isaac to Jacob 

 Isaac marries Rebekah. (24:67) 
 Rebekah receives more promises (24:60): 


 Isaac and Rebekah have twin boys: Esau and Jacob. 
 Esau was born first and Jacob was born second. (25:24-26) 
 The birthright promises skipped Esau and went to Jacob. 
 (25:23, 29-34) 

  Jacob was blessed by his father Isaac: (27:27-29) 


 Esau also received promises, but not the birthright (27:39-40). 
  Esau will: 
Part 3: Jacob to Joseph 

 Jacob marries two sisters: Leah and Rachel. (29:15-30) 
 From Leah, Rachel, and their two maidservants (Bilhah and Zilpah), 
 Jacob has 12 sons (35:23-26): 
 (These sons are listed in order from oldest to youngest) 
 1. Reuben  
 2. Simeon  
 3. Levi  
 4. Judah  
 5. Dan  
 6. Naphtali  
 7. Gad 
 8. Asher  
 9. Issachar  

 God changes Jacob’s name to Israel (35:10). 
 Joseph, who is #11 of the 12 sons, is sold into slavery by his 
 brothers. (37:28) 
 God ends up exalting him to the highest rank in Egypt as 
 promised to him. (41:39, 40) 
 ALL of the blessings and birthright promises given to Abraham, 
 Sarah, Isaac, Rebekah, and Jacob (Israel) are passed on to Joseph. 
 Reuben (the first born) does not receive the blessings and 
 birthright promises and neither does Judah (as assumed). 
                      Genesis 49: 22-26

22. Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well; 
    whose branches run over the wall: 
23. The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot at him, and 
hated him:
24. But his bow abode in his strength, and the arms of his hands 
were made strong by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob; (from thence is the shepherd, the stone of Israel:)
25. Even by the God of the father, who shall help thee; and by the 
    Almighty, who shall bless thee with blessings of heaven above, 
    blessings of the deep that lieth under, blessings of the breasts, 
    and of the womb: 
26. The blessings of thy father have prevailed above the blessings 
of my progenitors unto the utmost bound of the everlasting
hills:they shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the crown
of the head of him that was separated from his brethren.

                     1 Chronicles 5:1-2

1. Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, (for he was the 
   firstborn; but, forasmuch as he defiled his father’s bed, his 
   birthright was given unto the sons of Joseph the son of Israel: 
   and the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birthright. 
2. For Judah prevailed above his brethren, and from him came the 
   chief ruler; but the birthright was Joseph’s

All of the birthright and blessings go to Joseph’s 
  sons...but Judah is given the right to rule:

                       Genesis 49:8-12

8. Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand 
   shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father’s children 
   shall bow down before thee. 
9. Judah is a lion’s whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: 
   he stooped down, he crouched as a lion, and as an old lion; 
   who shall rouse him up? 
10.The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from 
   between his feet, until Shiloh come: and unto him shall the 
   gathering of the people be. 
11.Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass’s colt unto the 
   choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in 
   grapes blood: 
12. His eyes shall be red with wine and his teeth white with milk. 

NOTE #1:
Shiloh = Jesus
“Shiloh” means “to whom dominion belongs”
Jesus comes twice to this world:

In The First Coming of Our Lord 2000 some years ago, Jesus:
1) Fulfilled the law    
2) Gathered His bride 

In The Second Coming of Our Lord, He will:
1) Fulfill the scepter  
2) Gather the nations

Part 4: Joseph to Ephraim 
        (and Manasseh) 
 In Egypt Joseph had two sons: Ephraim and Manasseh. (41:50-52) 
 All 12 brothers become tribes except for Joseph.
 Joseph is not made a tribe but his two sons (Ephraim and Manasseh) 
 become tribes, as a double portion, a blessing. (48:5,21,22) 
 The birthright is passed through Joseph and goes to Ephraim 
 and Manasseh, but Ephraim is given the greater blessing (48:12-20) . 
 Ephraim is given the right to the father’s name: Israel. 
  ***Realize that there are actually 13 tribes altogether.***
      Even though Levi does not have land possession, Levi
                       is still a tribe!
              ((READ the Thirteen lesson later))

Moving forward through history........ 
After Joseph’s death,the children of Israel become slaves in Egypt. 
After 400 years they are led out of Egypt under Moses and 
wander in the desert for 40 years. 
The children of Israel are then led into the Promised Land 
                       under Joshua. 
The 13 Tribes of Israel eventually become a nation, occupying 
the territory promised to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. 
After the reign of King Solomon over the nation of Israel, 
the tribes split into two kingdoms: Israel and Judah. 

Israel is the Northern Kingdom, headed by the tribe of Ephraim. 

Judah is the Southern Kingdom, headed by the tribe of Judah. 

There are 9 ½ tribes to the North, 2 ½ tribes to the South,
       and the Tribe of Levi is scattered throughout.

The people of the Northern Kingdom: Israel, are called Israelites 

  the people of the Southern Kingdom are Judahites (or Jews).

Only the Israelites of the Southern Kingdom are Jews. 

Ephraim (Israel) is taken into captivity 745 B.C. by the Assyrians.
Judah is taken into captivity 573 B.C. by the Babylonians. 
The Jews returned from captivity after 70 years. 
The northern tribes never return.
            These northern tribes are 
         the 10 “lost” tribes of Israel. 
But are they really lost? Or do they just have different names? 
Wherever these "lost" tribes are, they must be as numerous as 
     "the stars in the sky and the sand on the seashore". 
Ephraim and Manasseh receive the birthright, not the Jews! 
The birthright promises AREN’T fulfilled when they become tribes. 
The birthright promises ARE fulfilled when they become nations, 
        a multitude of nations, and many kings! 
        "To Ephraim and Manasseh : 
    Blessed be everyone that blesses you, 
     cursed be everyone who curses you, 
      you will be exceedingly fruitful, 
  you will possess the gates of your enemies, 
   you will be a blessing to all nations
  you will be as numerous as the sand on the 
    seashore and as the stars in heaven."

                     Hosea 1:9-11

9   Then God said: 
       “Call his name Lo-Ammi,
       For you are not My people, 
       And I will not be your God.
10  “Yet the number of the children of Israel 
       Shall be as the sand of the sea, 
       Which cannot be measured or numbered. 
       And it shall come to pass 
       In the place where it was said to them, 
      ‘You are not My people,’
       There it shall be said to them, 
       You are sons of the living God.’ 
11  Then the children of Judah and the children of Israel 
       Shall be gathered together, 
       And appoint for themselves one head; 
       And they shall come up out of the land, 
       For great will be the day of Jezreel!
The children of Judah and the children of Israel 
               are not the same.
  Becoming a son of the living God can only be 
       obtained through being born again 
             by the Spirit of God.

  Where & when did the children of Israel become 
  "not my people",then as numerous as the sand 
   on the seashore,then a multitude of nations, 
      and then "sons of the living God"?



       ((Read Our Jews, Gentiles and Heathens Lesson))

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